They will be held on May 23-24 and if there is a run-off, it should be in June (16-17 June).
The SCAF (Supreme Council of the Armed Forces), the military council to which the former president Hosni Mubarak left the power when he resigned last year, pledged to leave the power to the new president as soon as he is elected.
The powers of this new president are not really known yet, since the new Constitution still has not been written, and will most probably not be before the next president is in power.
The Mubarak-era Constitution is virtually abolished since Mubarak was toppled. But amendments were voted in March 2011, to organise the parliamentary and presidential elections.
The previous Constitution allowed a very presidential regime.
The main group in the Parliament is the Justice and Freedom Party, the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood. They want a parliamentary regime. A constitutional committee is still under construction.
The official campaigns kicked off at the beginning of May, even if they had unofficially started long ago for many candidates.
There are thirteen candidates.
It will be the first presidential elections with so many candidates in Egypt.
In 2005, the presidential elections were for the first time a multi-candidates elections. Previously, the voters could only accept or refuse a candidate appointed by the Parliament. But even in 2005, Mubarak got almost 89% of the votes.
The estimated population of Egypt is 90 millions, there would be more than 50 million voters.
To be a candidate, the rules were as following:
1. Candidates have to have been born in Egypt, may not hold dual nationality, neither their parents, and may not be married to a foreigner. They must not be less than 40 year old.
2. In order to be nominated, candidates must secure the support of 30 elected MPs or the recommendations of 30,000 voters from at least 15 Egyptian governorates (or provinces) with no less than 1000 recommendations per governorate, or nomination by a party holding at least one seat in the legislature. The 30,000 recommendations must be officially documented by special public notary offices affiliated to the Ministry of Justice.