Abul-Ezz El-Hariry, a socialist and a labour activist, is the leftits candidate of the Socialist Popular Alliance Party.
He was elected MP in these last elections for this new leftist party of which he is a co-founder. He was an MP for a leftits party, Al-Tagammu, in 1976, 1984 and 2000 as well. Despite his long presence in the notoriously corrupt Parliament, he is considered clean.
He is the candidate of the Coalition “the revolution continues”.
In 1976, he was Egypt’s youngest MP, before being expelled over his opposition to the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. He was arrested five times in the Sadat era because of his labour activism and his opposition to the 1978 Camp David Accords. In the 1970s, the textiles company for which El-Hariry worked transferred him from Alexandria to a remote Red Sea phosphate mine as punishment for his political activity. To protest his treatment, he worked as a shoe shiner for 10 days in front of the company offices.
After Mubarak was ousted, Mr Hariri was one of the founding members of the Socialist Popular Alliance Party, the first left-wing party to be legally recognised after Egypt’s revolution.
This party’s main objective is to become a unifying platform for the Egyptian left, which was previously the role of Al-Tagammu.
Nasser had banned all independent political parties in the 1950s, so El-Hariry joined the state-controlled Arab Socialist Union and the Youth Organisation in 1966. After Nasser’s death, El-Hariri joined the Tagammu Party in 1976. According to Ahramonline, Al-Tagammu, once “a thorn in the side of former President Anwar Sadat, adopted a more conciliatory tone toward the regime during the 1980s. Some say that Al-Tagammu was co-opted by the Mubarak regime, as evidenced by its strong opposition to Islamist groups like the Muslim Brotherhood.”
Despite his harsh criticism of Islamic groups, El Hariry signed in 2007 a petition along with numerous journalists, writers, politicians and activists, condemning the military trials of Muslim Brotherhood members.
El-Hariry resigned as deputy chairman of the Tagammu Party right after the revolution, saying he saw no hope of reforming the party.
El-Hariry said he would not mind withdrawing his candidacy in favour of another leftist candidate who would be more likely to win.
As a current MP, he is a stark critic of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces, the military council who has the reality of the power since Mubarak stepped down. He asks for Tantawi, the head of the SCAF, to be put on trial.
He elicited some trouble last April when he said that the legislative body was “illegitimate.”
He is born in 1946.